Garuda Wisnu Kencana

Season 1 Episode 8 from Bali

Cerita ini berawal dari seorang Resi yang arif dan bijaksana yang hidup di sebuah negeri di Pulau Bali. Resi itu bernama Resi Kasyapa. Beliau memiliki dua orang istri, yang bernama Kadru dan Winata. Resi Kasyapa selalu berusaha bersikap adil kepada kedua istrinya, tapi Kadru selalu menyimpan rasa iri dan dengki kepada Winata.

Kedua istri Resi Kasyapa masing-masing dikaruniai anak.  Kadru dikaruniai Naga, sedangkan Winata dikaruniai Burung Garuda. Karena keirian hatinya, Kadru selalu mempunyai niat jahat dan mencari jalan agar Winata dapat dikeluarkan dari lingkaran keluarga Resi Kasyapa.

Suatu ketika, para Dewa mengaduk-aduk samudra untuk mendapatkan Tirtha Amertha, yaitu air suci yang disebut-sebut dapat memberikan keabadian kepada siapapun yang dapat meminumnya walaupun hanya setetes. Bersamaan dengan kejadian itu, muncullah kuda terbang bernama Ucaihswara. Dengan niat untuk mencelakakan Winata, Kadru kemudian menantang Winata untuk menebak warna kuda Ucaihswara yang belum terlihat oleh mereka.

Winata kemudian menerima tantangan dari Kadru dengan perjanjian, siapapun yang kalah harus bersedia menjadi budak dan selalu mematuhi semua perintah dari yang menang. Kemudian Kadru menebak bahwa kuda itu berwarna hitam, dan Winata menebak warna kuda itu adalah putih. 

Sebelum kuda itu muncul, secara diam-diam Kadru menerima informasi dari anaknya, Naga, bahwa kuda itu sebenarnya berwarna putih.

Karena mengetahui bahwa dirinya akan kalah, maka Kadru berbuat licik dengan memerintahkan anaknya untuk menyembur dengan racun ke tubuh kuda itu sehingga terlihat kehitaman.

Karena terkena semburan racun, kuda yang dulunya putih kemudian menjadi hitam ketika muncul dan dilihat oleh Kadru dan Winata. Winata kemudian mengaku kalah dan bersedia menjadi budak Kadru selama hidupnya.

Anak Winata, yaitu Garuda, mengetahui kelicikan Kadru dan dia tidak tinggal diam. Garuda kemudian bertarung dengan anak Kadru yaitu Naga yang berlangsung tanpa henti siang dan malam. Keduanya berhasil bertahan seimbang di setiap pertarungan sampai akhirnya Naga memberikan persyaratan bahwa dia akan membebaskan Winata jika Garuda dapat membawakan Tirtha Amertha kepada Naga.

Garuda setuju dengan syarat itu, dia bersedia mencari Tirtha Amertha yang tidak diketahui tempatnya agar dia dapat menyelamatkan ibunya dari perbudakan. Di tengah petualangannya, Garuda bertemu dengan Dewa Wisnu yang membawa Tirtha Amertha. Garuda kemudian meminta Tirtha Amertha itu. Dewa Wisnu bersedia memberikannya dengan syarat agar Garuda mau menjadi tunggangan Dewa Wisnu, yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama Garuda Wisnu Kencana.

Garuda kemudian mendapat Tirtha Amertha dengan berwadahkan kamendalu dengan tali rumput ilalang. Dia memberikan tirtha tersebut kepada Naga, namun sebelum Naga sempat meminum air itu, Dewa Indra yang kebetulan lewat mengambilnya. Tapi tetesan Tirtha Amertha itu masih tertinggal di tali rumput ilalangnya. Naga kemudian menjilat rumput ilalang tersebut yang ternyata sangat tajam dan lebih tajam dari pisau. Oleh karena itu lidah naga terbelah menjadi 2 ujung yang kemudian menyebabkan di setiap keturunan naga itu juga memiliki lidah yang terbelah. 

Ibu dari Garuda, Winata, akhirnya kemudian berhasil dibebaskan dari perbudakan.

ENGLISH

This story begins with a smart and wise ascetic who lived in a land on the island of Bali. The ascetic’s name was Kasyapa. He had two wives, whose names were Kadru and Winata. Kasyapa had always tried to be fair to both his wives but Kadru was always jealous and envious of Winata.

Each of Kasyapa’s wives was blessed with a child. Kadru’s child was the dragon Naga and Winata’s child was the bird Garuda. Because of her jealousy, Kadru had always had bad intentions towards Winata and looked for ways to expel Winata from the family circle of Kasyapa.

At one time, the Gods were churning the great oceans to obtain Tirta Amertha, the holy water that granted immortality to the person who could drink it, even if it was just a drop. At the same time of this event, appeared a flying horse named Ucaihswara. With the intention to harm Winata, Kadru challenged Winata to guess correctly the color of the horse Ucaihswara which they had not seen.

Winata accepted the challenge with the agreement that whoever lost would have to be willing to become the slave and obey all the commands of the winner. Then Kadru guessed that the horse was black in color and Winata guessed the color of the horse was white.

Before the horse appeared before them, secretly Kadru received information from her child, Naga, that the horse was actually white in color.

Knowing that she would lose, Kadru cunningly ordered her child to spray poison to the horse’s body so that it would appear black.

Due to the spray of poison, the originally white horse became black when it appeared and was seen by Kadru and Winata. Winata admitted defeat and agreed to be Kadru’s slave for the rest of her life.

Winata’s child, Garuda, who knew about Kadru’s cunning trickery, did not stay quiet. Garuda then battled with Kadru’s child, Naga, which continued without stopping day and night. Both of them remained equal in all of the battles until finally Naga gave a condition that he would free Winata if Garuda could bring Tirtha Amertha to Naga.

Garuda agreed to that condition, he was willing to find Tirtha Amertha which whereabouts were not known, so that he could save his mother from slavery. During his adventures, Garuda met the God Wisnu who was carrying the Tirtha Amertha. Garuda then asked for the Tirtha Amertha. Wisnu agreed to give the holy water with the condition that Garuda agreed to become the ride of Wisnu, which will later be known as Garuda Wisnu Kencana.

Garuda then successfully obtained Tirtha Amertha which was contained in a kamendalu (a water pot which was elliptical in shape) with ropes made of wild grass. He gave the holy water to Naga, but before Naga managed to drink the water, the God Indra who happened to pass by took it away. But there were drops of the Tirtha Amerta left on the wild grass rope. Naga then licked the rope which turned out to be very sharp, sharper than a knife. That was why Naga’s tongue split into 2 ends which caused all of the descendants of Naga to have split tongues. 

The mother of Garuda, Winata, was then finally freed from slavery.

New Vocabulary

Resi : Ascetic

Dengki : Envious

Setetes : A drop

Budak : Slave

Menebak : Guess

Sembur, menyembur : Spray

Tunggangan : Ride

Kamendalu : A water vessel, elliptical in shape (Sanskrit)

Menjilat : Lick

The Indonesian language used here is in the daily-conversation format, that has influences from the local culture and custom. Should you have questions on the more formal version, please consult with your guru Bahasa Indonesia.